# How To Count The Number Of Items Less Than The Average

## Example

=COUNTIF(B3:B10,”<&AVERAGE(B3:B10))

## Generic Formula

=COUNTIF(Numbers,”<&AVERAGE(Numbers))
Numbers – This is the range of numbers from which you want to count the number of items less than the average.

## What It Does

This formula will take the average of a numerical range then return the count of the items in the range that are less than the average.

## How It Works

AVERAGE(Numbers) will return the arithmetic mean or average of the Numbers. In our example this is (13+5+7+9+20+3+4+6)/8 = 8.4. “<"&8.4 then creates the text string “<8.4" which is used as a condition in our COUNTIF function.

COUNTIF(Numbers,”<8.4") will then count all the numbers in our list which are less than 8.4. In our example this results in 5 since there are 5 numbers in the list that are less than 8.4.

### John MacDougall

John is a Microsoft MVP and qualified actuary with over 15 years of experience. He has worked in a variety of industries, including insurance, ad tech, and most recently Power Platform consulting. He is a keen problem solver and has a passion for using technology to make businesses more efficient.

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