How To Use VLOOKUP When The Lookup Column Is Not First

Get The Completed Workbook

VLOOKUP is one of the most useful functions in Excel, but after learning its use most people quickly realize some of its limitations.

  • It only allows you to look up items to the right of a column with the criteria you’re looking up.
  • It requires you to know how many columns away the results column is from the lookup column. This means if you insert a column later on your formula will break.


How can you get around these limitations and use VLOOKUP in any situation whether the results column is to the right or left and without worrying about adding columns and breaking the formula later on?


We can use the CHOOSE function with the VLOOKUP function.



In this example the formula is looking up a value in Lookup Column and gives a result in Results Column. The CHOOSE function references each column individually and then creates a two column range for the the VLOOKUP. This avoids the issue of a changing column index number when a new column is inserted as the index number will always be 2.




About the Author

John MacDougall

John MacDougall

John is a Microsoft MVP and qualified actuary with over 15 years of experience. He has worked in a variety of industries, including insurance, ad tech, and most recently Power Platform consulting. He is a keen problem solver and has a passion for using technology to make businesses more efficient.


Subscribe for awesome Microsoft Excel videos 😃

John MacDougall

I’m John, and my goal is to help you Excel!

You’ll find a ton of awesome tips, tricks, tutorials, and templates here to help you save time and effort in your work.

Related Posts



Get the Latest Microsoft Excel Tips

Follow Us

Follow us to stay up to date with the latest in Microsoft Excel!

Subscribe for awesome Microsoft Excel videos 😃