YEAR function

This function will take a date in any format and return the year as an integer from 1900 to 9999. Numbers not formatted as a date will return a year value as long as the number is in the range 1 to 2,958,465 as this corresponds to the date range 01/01/1900 to 31/12/9999.



  • Date (required) – This is the date value that you want to return the year from.


In this example we use the function on several dates in different formats. Notice the text values we try result in a #VALUE! error while numerical values outside of the range 1 to 2,958,465 result in a #NUM! error.



About the Author

John MacDougall

John MacDougall

John is a Microsoft MVP and freelance consultant and trainer specializing in Excel, Power BI, Power Automate, Power Apps and SharePoint. You can find other interesting articles from John on his blog or YouTube channel.


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